Gardening for Pollinators

Butterflies

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Large Trees Medium Trees Small Trees Shrubs
Herbaceous Perennials Annuals/Wildflowers Vines Herbs/Vegetables

Large Trees (50 feet or more)

Scientific Name Common Name Use Butterfly Species
Celtis laevigata* Sugarberry H Hackberry & Tawny Emperor
Celtis occidentalis* Common Hackberry H Hackberry & Tawny Emperor
Quercus spp. several species of oaks H Southern oak & White M hairstreak
Quercus shumard* Shumard oak H Red-banded hairstreak
Quercus virginiana* Live oak H Southern oak & White M hairstreak

*native plants, H-host plant, N-nectar plant

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Medium Trees (25 to 50 feet)

Scientific Name Common Name Use Butterfly Species
Citrus spp. Grapefruit, lemons, etc. H Giant swallowtail
Magnolia virginiana* Sweet bay magnolia H Easter tiger & Spicebush swallowtail
Persea borbonia* Red bay           H Laurel swallowtail
Persea palustris* Swamp bay H Laurel swallowtail
Prunus caroliniana* Cherry laurel H Eastern tiger swallowtail
Quercus spp. several species of oaks H Southern oak & White M hairstreak
Salix babylonica Weeping willow H Eastern tiger swallowtail & Viceroy

*native plants, H-host plant, N-nectar plant

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Small Trees (Up to 25 feet)

Scientific Name Common Name Use Butterfly Species
Acacia farnesiana* Sweet acacia H Gray hairstreak
Citrus spp.       Grapefruit, lemons, etc. H Giant swallowtail
Jatropha integerrima Peregrina (flowers in shade)         N  
Persea humilis* Silk bay H Laurel swallowtail
Prunus angustifolia* Chickasaw plum H Eastern tiger swallowtail
Prunus umbellate* Flatwoods plum         H Eastern tiger swallowtail
Salix caroliniana* Coastal plain willow  H Eastern tiger swallowtail & Viceroy
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis* Hercules’ club H Giant swallowtail
Zanthoxylum fagara* Wild lime H Giant swallowtail

*native plants, H-host plant, N-nectar plant

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Shrubs

Scientific Name Common Name Use Butterfly Species
Abelia x grandiflora Glossy abelia N  
Buddleja madagascariensis   Butterfly bush N  
Citharexylum spinosum* Fiddlewood       N  
Duranta repens Golden dewdrop N  
Hamilia patens* Firebush (red & orange) N  
Malvaviscus arboreus Turk’s cap     H Gray hairstreak, American painted lady
Myrica cerifera* Wax myrtle (fallen leaves) H Red-banded hairstreak
Odontonema strictum Firespike N  
Plumbago auriculata Plumbago N  
Psychotria nervosa* Shiny leaf wild coffee N  
Rhus copallina* Dwarf sumac   H Red-banded hairstreak
Rhus typhina* Staghorn sumac H Red-banded hairstreak
Senna ligustrina* Bahama cassia H Sulphers
Senna mexicana var. chapmanii* Bahama cassia (yellow) H Sulphers
Tecomaria capensis Cape honeysuckle N  
Tibouchina urvilleana Princess flower N  
Viburnum obovatu* Walter’s viburnum N  
Zamia pumila* Coontie H Atala

*native plants, H-host plant, N-nectar plant

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Vines

Scientific Name Common Name Use Butterfly Species
Aristolochia spp. Pipe vine H Pipevine & Polydamus
Clerodendron thomsoniae   Bleeding heart N  
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle (red)   N  
Passiflora incarnate* Maypop H Gulf fritillary
Passiflora lutea Yellow passionflower H Julia
Passiflora suberosa* Corky-stemmed passion fl ower    H Zebra longwing

*native plants, H-host plant, N-nectar plant

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Herbaceous Perennials

Scientific Name Common Name Use Butterfly Species
Achillea millifolia* Yarrow N  
Agastache ‘Blue Fortune’ Giant hyssop N  
Asclepias incarnata* Swamp milkweed       H, N

Monarch & Queen

Asclepias perennis* Milkweed H, N

Monarch & Queen

Asclepias tuberosa* Milkweed H, N

Monarch & Queen

Helianthus angustifolius* Narrow-leaf sunflower  N  
Helianthus debilis* Dune sunflower N  
Malva spp. Mallows H Gray Hairstreak & American painted lady
Mimosa strigillosa* Sunshine mimosa N  
Monarda punctata* Dotted horsemint N  
Pentas lanceolata Pentas N  
Ruellia caroliniensis* Carolina wild petunia H, N White peacock
Russelia equisetiformis Firecracker plant N  
Salvia farnesiana

Blue salvia

N  
Salvia leucantha Mexican sage N  
Stachytarphaeta jamaicensis* Blue porterweed N  
Stokesia laevis* Stoke’s aster   H, N Dainty sulfur

*native plants, H-host plant, N-nectar plant

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Annuals/Wildflowers

Scientific Name Common Name Use Butterfly Species
Carphephorus* spp. Deertongues N  
Cirsium horridulum* Purple thistle H American painted lady
Cleome spp. Spider-flower H Florida white
Gaillardia pulchella* Blanket flower N  
Liatris gracilis* Blazing star N  
Liatris spicata* Blazing star N  
Lippia stoechadifolia Southern frogfruit H, N White peacock
Lobularia maritime Sweet alyssum H, N Checkered white
Medicago sativa Alfalfa H Orange & Little sulfur
Melilotus alba White sweet clover H, N Orange & Little sulfur
Salvia coccinea* Tropical sage (red) N  
Senna fasciculate* Partridge pea H, N Cloudless, Little, Rambling orange & Orange-barred sulfur
Senna nicitans* Wild sensitive plant H, N Cloudless, Little, Rambling orange & Orange-barred sulfur
Silphium asteriscus* Starry rosinweed N  
Symphyotrichum carolinianum* Climbing aster H, N Dainty sulfur & Pearl crescent
Symphyotrichum laevis* Smooth aster H, N Dainty sulfur & Pearl crescent
Symphyotrichum pilosus* Hairy aster H, N Dainty sulfur & Pearl crescent
Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum* Texas aster H, N Dainty sulfur & Pearl crescent
Tagetes spp. Marigolds H Dainty sulfur
Trifolium spp. Clovers H, N Gray Hairstreak & American painted lady
Trifolium repens White clover H, N Orange & Little sulfur

*native plants, H-host plant, N-nectar plant

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Herbs/Vegetables

Scientific Name Common Name Use Butterfly Species
Anethum graveolens Dill H Black swallowtail
Brassica nigra Black mustard H Checkered, Cabbage & Great Southern white
Brassica oleracea var. italic Broccoli H Checkered, Cabbage & Great Southern white
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Brussels sprouts H Checkered, Cabbage & Great Southern white
Brassica oleracea var. capitata Cabbage H Checkered, Cabbage & Great Southern white
Brassica oleracea botrytis Cauliflower  H Checkered, Cabbage & Great Southern white
Brassica rapa Turnip H Checkered, Cabbage & Great Southern white
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel    H Black swallowtail
Nasturtium spp. Nasturtium H Great southern white
Phaseolus vulgaris Beans H Gray hairstreak
Petroselinium crispum Parsley H Black swallowtail

*native plants, H-host plant, N-nectar plant

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